Ross Verlag printed and distributed some of the most beautiful movie star photographs around the world. On some of these cards, especially of the German stars, the photographers' studio ("Atelier" in German) or a particular photographer ("Aufnahme"), or both, were given a credit. I really don't know how those studios worked, but there were probably multiple photographers at each studio. Many of the photographers apprenticed at one studio and went on to create their own. So it is possible, for instance, that a Binder studio credit may not have actually been photographed by Alex Binder. There were credits sometimes given to both a studio and an individual photographer.
For the most part, the photographs of actors from the American movie studios did not have individual photography credits (with some exceptions). The usual credit given was just to the movie studio, such as MGM or Fox. Someone with more experience may be able to tell if a particular portrait was by a Hurrell or Bull or some of the other famous Hollywood photographers.
Studio photography credit for the German photographers was much more common. Although these were mainly for German and other European stars, credits did show up on some American stars photos by European photographers (probably when the actors were visiting Germany).
Anyone who has collected the Ross Verlag postcards, will find one particular studio photographer's signature showing up with greater frequency than anyone else's. That, of course, is "Binder," which was the studio of Alex Binder. Alexander Binder was born in 1888 in Alexandria and died February 25, 1929 in Berlin. He first opened a photo studio in Berlin in 1913. From the late 20's through the 30's it was the largest photo studio in Europe. His 1929 death date is interesting, since the studio retained his name until 1937, as is apparent with it's appearance to this date on Ross cards.
Other German studio names that turned up with great frequency were "Becker & Maas," "Ernst Schneinder," "Karl Schenker," "Ernst Sandau," and many more.
The following is a list of the Berlin studio photographers, and then other German city studios.
(Martin) Badekow (1896-1983) For a list of Ross cards with Martin Badekow photos click HERE (Thanks to Jana Kofahl for this list.)
Rolf von Barm
Becker and Maass
Bender and Jacobi
E. Bieber (also Hamburg studio)
W.v. (Wanda) Debschitz-Kunowski (Born 1870 Died 1935 Pre 1924, studio was in Munich and Hannover, and then from 1924-35 on in Berlin)
Freiherr V. Gudenberg
(Karl Ludwig) Haenchen
Harlip (produced their own line of postcards, which are hard to find)
(Frieda) Riess (1890-1955(?))
Rischke and Marby
Suse Byk postcard of Wilhelm Dieterle
Other European countries had some studio photographer credits. Austria was the most common, with Manassé being the most prolific studio.
D'Ora (Dora Kallmus, who was an Austrian who had a Paris studio) Arthur Benda
Trude Geiringer (Gertrude Neumann) and Dora Horovitz
Manassé (Olga Spolarics and Adorjan Wlássics)
Abbe (James Abbe was an American portrait photographer, but I do not know if they are the same)
G.L. Manuel Fréres
Prague, Czech Republic
Schlosser and Wenisch (Otto Schlosser, a Jewish photographer, who lost his studio to the Nazi's aryanization program. Thanks to Petr Schlosser for the information.)
Godfried de Groot
Nordwyk, Netherlands (?)
E.O. Hoppé (Emil Otto)
St. Moritz, Switzerland
Vaida M. Pál
(Thanks for Ivo Blom for this information)
(Thanks to John Boer for the information on their location)
These are studios and photographers that did not name a location, and research turned up no information. The majority were undoubtedly German.
K. H. Loepert